BLOOMINGTON, Ind. – West Nile Virus has been found in Monroe County, according to the Monroe County Health Department. Samples of mosquitoes have tested positive for the virus. This testing is part of their mosquito surveillance program.

Where do these mosquitoes live?

The mosquitoes carrying the virus breed in places like ditches, open septic systems, discarded tires, birdbaths, unused wading pools, untended swimming pools and swimming pool covers, clogged roof gutters, and any unused containers that hold water for days at a time.

How to avoid stagnant water:

  • Drain or discard old tires or other containers that can hold water
  • Repair septic systems
  • Drill holes in the bottom of containers that are left outside
  • Clean clogged roof gutters
  • Keep your grass short and shrubs trimmed
  • Frequently replace water in pet bowls
  • Install or repair window screens and doors to keep mosquitoes out of your home

West Nile Virus transmission and symptoms

West Nile Virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes that have first bitten an infected bird. A person can begin to show symptoms 3 to 15 days after the bite. Most people will have mild to no symptoms.

Some common symptoms:

  • High fever
  • Severe headache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Muscle weakness or paralysis
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sore joints
  • Confusion

There is no specific treatment or vaccine for West Nile Virus.