Hoosier History: On this day, January 20
Today is Sunday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2019.
Today’s Highlights in Hoosier History:
On Jan. 20, 1994, bitter cold air continued its’ hold on central Indiana, causing pipes to freeze and burst. The temperature dropped to -22 at Indianapolis. That was up five degrees from the prior day’s -27 low temperature. It was a wide-spread deep freeze that included many locations in the Midwest. The entire week in 1994 was one of the coldest on record for the city of Indianapolis with six of seven days at -20° or colder. (Other Indy coldest low temperatures ever are shown in the graphic.)
On Jan. 20, 1989, Dan Quayle of Huntington takes the oath of office, being sworn in to become 44th Vice President of the United States serving under George H. W. Bush. Quayle had spent eight years in the United States Senate – and four years in the U. S. House of Representatives.
On Jan. 20, 1851, William H. Bass is born in Bartholomew County. After a few years in teaching, he went into the photography business in Indianapolis. His company took thousands of pictures around the city throughout the 20th Century. This collection continues to be an invaluable resource for historians. (Source: Hoosier History Highlights from the Indiana Department of Administration)
On this date elsewhere:
In 1649, King Charles I of England went on trial, accused of high treason (he was found guilty and executed by month’s end).
In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on Jan. 20 instead of March 4.
In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their “final solution” that called for exterminating Europe’s Jews.
In 1953, Dwight D. Eisenhower took the oath of office as president of the United States; Richard M. Nixon was sworn in as vice president.
In 1964, Capitol Records released the album “Meet the Beatles!”
In 1969, Richard M. Nixon was inaugurated as the 37th President of the United States.
In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.
In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
In 1989, George H.W. Bush was sworn in as the 41st president of the United States; Dan Quayle was sworn in as vice president.
In 1994, Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel in South Carolina. (Faulkner joined the cadet corps in Aug. 1995 under court order but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress from the legal battle.)
In 2001, George Walker Bush became America’s 43rd president after one of the most turbulent elections in U.S. history.
In 2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States, pledging emphatically to empower America’s “forgotten men and women.” Protesters registered their rage against the new president in a chaotic confrontation with police just blocks from the inaugural parade.
Ten years ago: Barack Obama was sworn in as the nation’s 44th, as well as first African-American, president. Russian natural gas began flowing into Ukraine after a nearly two-week cutoff that had left large parts of Europe cold and dark.
Five years ago: Iran unplugged banks of centrifuges involved in its most sensitive nuclear enrichment program, prompting the U.S. and the European Union to partially lift economic sanctions as a landmark deal aimed at easing concerns over Iran’s nuclear program went into effect. American missionary Kenneth Bae, jailed in North Korea for more than a year, appeared before reporters in Pyongyang and appealed to the U.S. government to do its best to secure his release. (Bae and fellow American Matthew Miller were freed in Nov. 2014.)
One year ago: A dispute in Congress over spending and immigration forced scores of federal government agencies and outposts to close their doors; tourists were turned away from sites including the Statue of Liberty and Philadelphia’s Independence Hall. (Congress voted two days later to temporarily pay for resumed operations.) On the anniversary of President Donald Trump’s inauguration, demonstrators in cities across the country marched in support of female empowerment and denounced Trump’s views on immigration, abortion, LGBT rights and other issues.
Today’s Birthdays: Comedian Arte Johnson is 90. Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin is 89. Olympic gold medal figure skater Carol Heiss is 79. Singer Eric Stewart is 74. Movie director David Lynch is 73. Country-rock musician George Grantham (Poco) is 72. Israeli activist Natan Sharansky is 71. Actor Daniel Benzali is 69. Rock musician Paul Stanley (KISS) is 67. Rock musician Ian Hill (Judas Priest) is 67. Comedian Bill Maher (MAR) is 63. Actor Lorenzo Lamas is 61. Actor James Denton is 56. Rock musician Greg K. (The Offspring) is 54. Country singer John Michael Montgomery is 54. Sophie, Countess of Wessex, is 54. Actor Rainn Wilson is 53. Presidential counselor Kellyanne Conway is 52. Actress Stacey Dash is 52. TV personality Melissa Rivers is 51. Singer Xavier is 51. Actor Reno Wilson is 50. Singer Edwin McCain is 49. Actor Skeet Ulrich is 49. Rap musician ?uestlove (questlove) (The Roots) is 48. Former United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley is 47. Rock musician Rob Bourdon (Linkin Park) is 40. Singer-songwriter Bonnie McKee is 35. Country singer Brantley Gilbert is 34. Rock singer Kevin Parker (Tame Impala) is 33. Actor Evan Peters is 32.
(The Indiana State Museum and the Associated Press contributed to this report.)