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Hoosier History: On This Day, January 15

Tail assembly of wrecked TWA plane on Double-Up mountain near Las Vegas, Nevada, where Carole Lombard and 21 others perished. (Photo by Bettman/Getty Images)

Today is Tuesday, Jan. 15, the 15th day of 2019 with 350 days to follow.

Today’s Hoosier Highlights in History:

Portrait of Carole Lombard, circa 1930s. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

On Jan. 15, 1942, actress Carole Lombard attends the first war bond rally in the nation during World War II, being held in Indianapolis. The popular movie star, born and raised in Fort Wayne, joined Governor Henry Schricker in ceremonies at the Statehouse – and sold $2,017,514 worth of bonds that day. On the flight back home to California the next day, the 33-year-old actress and 21 others – including her mother and agent – were killed when their TWA DC-3 plane crashed into the side of a mountain in Nevada. She was survived by her husband, actor Clark Gable, who was said to have never recovered from her tragic death. (Source: Hoosier History Highlights from the Indiana Department of Administration; See newsreel video of plane crash scene below.)

John Dillinger’s federal mugshot. (Photo: FBI)

On Jan. 15, 1934, while robbing $20,000 from the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indiana, the notorious John Dillinger is shot several times by police Officer William O’Malley in a gun battle, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest. Officer O’Malley suffered eight gunshot wounds and died in the exchange of gunfire. Dillenger, an Indianapolis native, was considered public enemy number one by the FBI. (See historical newsreel video of Dillinger below)

Goshen’s Carnegie Library in 1912. (Photo courtesy: Goshen Historical Society)

On Jan. 15, 1903, the first Carnegie Library in Indiana opens in Goshen with 3,000 volumes as a result of a $25,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation. Over the next 20 years, the state of Indiana would lead the nation with a total of 164 Carnegie libraries in 155 communities. The Goshen Public Library would move out of its original location in 1968; the building today houses the Goshen City Hall and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Notre Dame’s first building in 1844. (Photo courtesy: Univ. of ND Archives)

On Jan. 15, 1844, the University of Notre Dame is granted its official charter by the Indiana General Assembly. The school was founded two years earlier by a 28-year-old French priest, the Rev. Edward Sorin, on a land grant from the Bishop of Vincennes. Since then – for over a century and a half – the Catholic research university in South Bend has been at the forefront of scholasticism and student accomplishments.

Lewis Terman. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

On Jan. 15, 1877, Lewis M. Terman, the psychologist who developed the Stanford-Binet IQ test, is born in Indianapolis. The Stanford University professor would serve as a president of the American Psychological Association and was ranked as one of the most cited psychologists of the 20th century.

A turkey farm subject to quarantine. (Photo credit: JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)

On Jan. 15, 2016, federal officials with the U.S. Department of Agriculture confirm an H7N8 strain of avian influenza, more commonly known as bird flu, has been found at a commercial turkey farm in Dubois County in southern Indiana. The entire flock of some 60,000 turkeys would be euthanized. Authorities the next day would announce nine more turkey farms had tested positive and were placed under quarantine.

On this date elsewhere:

In 1559, England’s Queen Elizabeth I was crowned in Westminster Abbey.

In 1862, the U.S. Senate confirmed President Abraham Lincoln’s choice of Edwin M. Stanton to be the new Secretary of War, replacing Simon Cameron.

In 1892, the original rules of basketball, devised by James Naismith, were published for the first time in Springfield, Massachusetts, where the game originated.

In 1919, in Boston, a tank containing an estimated 2.3 million gallons of molasses burst, sending the dark syrup coursing through the city’s North End, killing 21 people.

In 1929, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta.

In 1943, work was completed on the Pentagon, the headquarters of the U.S. Department of War (now Defense).

In 1961, a U.S. Air Force radar tower off the New Jersey coast collapsed into the Atlantic Ocean during a severe storm, killing all 28 men aboard.

In 1967, the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League 35-10 in the first AFL-NFL World Championship Game, retroactively known as Super Bowl I.

In 1973, President Richard M. Nixon announced the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace negotiations.

In 1978, two students at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman, were slain in their sorority house. (Ted Bundy was later convicted of the crime and was sentence to death. But he was executed for the rape and murder of a 12-year-old girl, which occurred 3 weeks after the sorority slayings.)

In 1981, the police drama series “Hill Street Blues” premiered on NBC.

In 1989, NATO, the Warsaw Pact and 12 other European countries adopted a human rights and security agreement in Vienna, Austria.

In 1993, a historic disarmament ceremony ended in Paris with the last of 125 countries signing a treaty banning chemical weapons.

Ten years ago: US Airways Capt. Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger ditched his Airbus 320 in the Hudson River after a flock of birds disabled both engines; all 155 people aboard survived.

Five years ago: In the latest in a series of nuclear stumbles, the U.S. Air Force disclosed that 34 officers entrusted with the world’s deadliest weapons had been removed from launch duty for allegedly cheating _ or tolerating cheating by others _ on routine proficiency tests. A highly critical and bipartisan Senate report declared that the deadly Sept. 2012 assault on the American diplomatic compound in Benghazi, Libya, could have been prevented; the report spread blame among the State Department, the military and U.S. intelligence. A $1.1 trillion spending bill for operating the government until just before the 2014 election steamed through the battle-weary House over tepid protests from tea party conservatives.

One year ago: Singer Dolores O’Riordan of the Irish rock band The Cranberries died at a London hotel at the age of 46; a coroner found that she had accidentally drowned in a bathtub after drinking. American women lost nine of their ten first-round matches on the opening day of the Australian Open; they included Venus Williams and U.S. Open champion Sloane Stephens.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress Margaret O’Brien is 81. Actress Andrea Martin is 72. College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Randy White is 66. Actor-director Mario Van Peebles is 62. Rock musician Adam Jones (Tool) is 54. Actor James Nesbitt is 54. Singer Lisa Lisa (Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam) is 52. Actor Chad Lowe is 51. Alt-country singer Will Oldham (aka Bonnie Prince Billy) is 49. Actress Regina King is 48. Actor Eddie Cahill is 41. NFL quarterback Drew Brees is 40. Rapper/reggaeton artist Pitbull is 38. Actor Victor Rasuk is 34. Actress Jessy Schram is 33. Electronic dance musician Skrillex is 31. Actress/singer Dove Cameron is 23. Singer-songwriter Grace VanderWaal (TV: “America’s Got Talent”) is 15.

(The Indiana State Museum and the Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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