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Hoosier History: On This Day, January 8

Democratic politician Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, addressing a crowd. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Today is Tuesday, Jan. 8, the eighth day of 2019. That means Spring is still 70 days away, and Summer is 162 days from today.

Today’s Hoosier Highlights in History:

On Jan. 8, 1915, President Woodrow Wilson makes his first of three visits to Indianapolis, giving a political speech for the Democratic Party at Tomlinson Hall. The 28th President of the U.S. would return in 1916 for a convention to help prepare for Indiana’s centennial celebration, and again in 1919 to deliver a speech at the end of World War I promoting his vision of an international League of Nations.

New York Yanks quarterback George Taliaferro, 1949 Rookie of The Year, runs on the field, carrying a football, circa 1949. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

On Jan. 8, 1927, George Taliaferro, the first African-American player drafted by a National Football League team, is born in Gary. The Indiana University standout would go on to be the 1949 NFL Rookie of The Year and make the Pro Bowl three times. Off the field, Taliaferro played a major role in desegregating classrooms in Bloomington. Prior to his death last year, he had served as a special assistant to the IU President.

Gov. Oliver Morton. (Photo: Bass Co. Collection, Indiana Historical Society)

On Jan. 8, 1863, Republicans flee repeatedly from the Indiana General Assembly to prevent the Democrats from having a quorum; and Republican Gov. Oliver Morton refuses to give the annual State of the State address to the General Assembly.

Battle of the Crater at the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia in 1864. (Photo: Library of Congress)

On Jan. 8, 1866, the 28th Indiana Regiment – the first and only African American regiment organized in Indiana during the Civil War – returns home and a public reception is held. Throughout the war, they fought in numerous battles and sustained the loss of a total of 212 men – most of those at the Battle of the Crater. For their sacrifice, bravery, and dedication to the Union, they were given an official state reception for their return to Indiana. (Watch video below showing historical images and recollections)

Flooding in White County in Jan. 2008. (CNN file photo)

On Jan. 8, 2008, flooding causes millions of dollars in damages in Carroll County as hundreds of homes are damaged or destroyed. Carroll joined Benton, Jasper and White counties in declaring states of emergency due to heavy rain and melting snow pushing rivers and streams over their banks; three Hoosiers, including two children died in the flash flooding. Following that so-called 100-year flood, Carroll County would receive a nearly $100,000 grant to allow it to place three emergency sirens along the Tippecanoe River from the Oakdale Dam to the Carroll-Tippecanoe County line.

On this date elsewhere:

In 1815, the last major engagement of the War of 1812 came to an end as U.S. forces defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans, not having gotten word of the signing of a peace treaty.

In 1912, the African National Congress was founded in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson outlined his Fourteen Points for lasting peace after World War I. Mississippi became the first state to ratify the 18th Amendment to the Constitution, which established Prohibition.

In 1935, rock-and-roll legend Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi.

In 1968, the Otis Redding single “(Sittin’ On) The Dock of the Bay” was released on the Volt label almost a month after the singer’s death in a plane crash.

In 1975, Judge John J. Sirica ordered the early release from prison of Watergate figures John W. Dean III, Herbert W. Kalmbach and Jeb Stuart Magruder. Democrat Ella Grasso was sworn in as Connecticut’s first female governor.

In 1976, Chinese premier Zhou Enlai, 77, died in Beijing.

In 1982, American Telephone and Telegraph settled the Justice Department’s antitrust lawsuit against it by agreeing to divest itself of the 22 Bell System companies.

In 1987, for the frst time, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above 2,000, ending the day at 2,002.25.

In 1998, Ramzi Yousef (RAHM’-zee YOO’-sef), the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, was sentenced in New York to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

In 2004, A U.S. Black Hawk medivac helicopter crashed near Fallujah, Iraq, killing all nine soldiers aboard.

In 2008, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton powered to victory in New Hampshire’s 2008 Democratic primary in a startling upset, defeating Sen. Barack Obama and resurrecting her bid for the White House; Sen. John McCain defeated his Republican rivals to move back into contention for the GOP nomination.

In 2011, U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., was shot and critically wounded when a gunman opened fire as the congresswoman met with constituents in Tucson; six people were killed, 12 others also injured. (Gunman Jared Lee Loughner (LAWF’-nur) was sentenced in November 2012 to seven consecutive life sentences, plus 140 years.)

Ten years ago: President-elect Barack Obama urged lawmakers to work with him “day and night, on weekends if necessary” to approve the largest taxpayer-funded stimulus ever. Obama named Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine the next Democratic National Committee chairman. The U.N. Security Council called for an immediate cease-fire in Gaza by a 14-0 vote, with the United States abstaining. No. 1 Florida beat No. 2 Oklahoma 24-14 for the BCS national title. Cornelia Wallace, former wife of Alabama Gov. George Wallace, died in Sebring, Fla. at age 69.

Five years ago: Emails and text messages obtained by The Associated Press and other news organizations suggested that one of New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie’s top aides engineered traffic jams in Fort Lee in Sept. 2013 to punish its mayor for not endorsing Christie for re-election; Christie responded by saying he’d been misled by the aide, and he denied involvement in the apparent act of political payback. Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine and Frank Thomas were elected to baseball’s Hall of Fame.

One year ago: The Trump administration said it was ending special protections for immigrants from El Salvador, an action that could force nearly 200,000 to leave the U.S. by September, 2019 or face deportation. Alabama beat Georgia in overtime, 26-23, to claim the College Football Playoff national championship after freshman quarterback Tua Tagovailoa (tag-oh-vay-LOH’-ah) came off the bench to spark a comeback. A judge in Las Vegas dismissed criminal charges against Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy and his sons, who were accused of leading an armed uprising against federal authorities.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor-comedian Larry Storch is 96. Broadcast journalist Sander Vanocur is 91. CBS newsman Charles Osgood is 86. Singer Shirley Bassey is 82. Game show host Bob Eubanks is 81. Country-gospel singer Cristy Lane is 79. Rhythm-and-blues singer Anthony Gourdine (Little Anthony and the Imperials) is 78. Actress Yvette Mimieux is 77. Singer Juanita Cowart Motley (The Marvelettes) is 75. Actress Kathleen Noone is 74. Rock musician Robby Krieger (The Doors) is 73. Movie director John McTiernan is 68. Actress Harriet Sansom Harris is 64. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos is 61. Singer-songwriter Ron Sexsmith is 55. Actress Michelle Forbes is 54. Actress Maria Pitillo (pih-TIHL’-loh) is 53. Singer R. Kelly is 52. Rock musician Jeff Abercrombie (Fuel) is 50. Actress Ami Dolenz is 50. Reggae singer Sean Paul is 46. Actor Donnell Turner is 46. Country singer Tift Merritt is 44. Actress-rock singer Jenny Lewis is 43. Actress Amber Benson is 42. Actor Scott Whyte is 41. Singer-songwriter Erin McCarley is 40. Actress Sarah Polley is 40. Actress Rachel Nichols is 39. Actress Gaby Hoffman is 37. Rock musician Disashi Lumumbo-Kasongo (dih-SAH’-shee LUHM’-uhm-boh kuh-SAHN’-goh) (Gym Class Heroes) is 36. Actor Freddie Stroma is 32.

(The Indiana State Museum and the Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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