Hoosier History: On This Day, December 7

Japanese second wave of the Pearl Harbor attack flying into a hornet’s nest of fleet anti-aircraft fire. The large, black column of smoke in the center is the USS Arizona. (Photo credit: Library of Congress.)

Today is Friday, Dec. 7, the 341st day of 2018, with 24 days to follow.

Today’s Hoosier Highlights in History:

On Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked the U.S. Navy base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. This “day of infamy” catapulted the U.S. into World War II. More than 400,000 Hoosiers went into uniform, and over 11,000 were killed and 17,000 others wounded.

On Dec. 7, 1956, Basketball Hall of Famer Larry Bird is born in French Lick. He is considered one of the best NBA players of all time, playing for the Boston Celtics from 1979 until his retirement in 1992. During his career, he won the coveted Most Valuable Player award three times. He also scored 21,791 points during his career which puts him in the top 25 on the all time list. Bird is celebrating his 62nd birthday today. (Photo by Maddie Meyer/Getty Images)

On Dec. 7, 1992, more than 500 people join the search for five Columbus Boy Scouts who become lost while hiking in Brown County State Park. They used their scouting skills to survive 27 hours of frigid temperatures before being found in good condition.

On Dec. 7, 1915, the Benjamin Banneker School opens in Bloomington. It was a segregated school for African-American students during the early 1900’s. Segregation at Banneker ended in 1951, as required under Indiana law, despite protests from some citizens. By 1955 the school had been “discontinued” and the building became a community center. It’san historic landmark today, bearing Banneker’s name in recognition of his contributions as a scientist, inventor and architect. (Photo courtesy: IU Dept. of African American Studies)

On this date elsewhere:

In 43 B.C., Roman statesman and scholar Marcus Tullius Cicero was slain at the order of the Second Triumvirate.

In 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1842, the New York Philharmonic performed its first concert.

In 1911, China abolished the requirement that men wear their hair in a queue, or ponytail.

In 1917, during World War I, the United States declared war on Austria-Hungary.

In 1946, fire broke out at the Winecoff (WYN’-kahf) Hotel in Atlanta; the blaze killed 119 people, including hotel founder W. Frank Winecoff.

In 1972, America’s last moon mission to date was launched as Apollo 17 blasted off from Cape Canaveral. Imelda Marcos, wife of Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, was stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant who was shot dead by her bodyguards.

In 1987, 43 people were killed after a gunman aboard a Pacific Southwest Airlines jetliner in California apparently opened fire on a fellow passenger, the pilots and himself, causing the plane to crash. Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev set foot on American soil for the first time, arriving for a Washington summit with President Ronald Reagan.

In 1988, a major earthquake in the Soviet Union devastated northern Armenia; official estimates put the death toll at 25-thousand.

In 1993, a gunman opened fire on a Long Iland Rail Road commuter train, killing six people and wounding 19. (The shooter was later sentenced to a minimum of 200 years in prison.)

In 2001, Taliban forces abandoned their last bastion in Afghanistan, fleeing the southern city of Kandahar.

In 2004, Hamid Karzai (HAH’-mihd KAHR’-zeye) was sworn in as Afghanistan’s first popularly elected president.

Ten years ago: President-elect Barack Obama introduced retired Gen. Eric Shinseki (shin-SEHK’-ee) as his choice to head the Veterans Affairs Department. Actress-singer Barbra Streisand, actor Morgan Freeman, country singer George Jones, dancer and choreographer Twyla Tharp and musicians Pete Townshend and Roger Daltrey of The Who received Kennedy Center Honors.

Five years ago: North Korea freed an 85-year-old U.S. veteran of the Korean War after a weekslong detention, ending the saga of Merrill Newman’s attempt to visit the North as a tourist six decades after he oversaw a group of South Korean wartime guerrillas still loathed by Pyongyang.

One year ago: Democratic Sen. Al Franken said he would resign after a series of sexual harassment allegations; he took a parting shot at President Donald Trump, describing him as “a man who has bragged on tape about his history of sexual assault.” Republican Rep. Trent Franks of Arizona said he would resign, after revealing that he discussed surrogacy with two female staffers. A brush fire driven by gusty winds exploded north of San Diego, destroying mobile homes in a retirement community and killing race horses at a training facility. A white former South Carolina police officer, Michael Slager, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for the fatal shooting of an unarmed black motorist, Walter Scott, in North Charleston in 2015. Demonstrators in the Gaza Strip burned U.S. flags and pictures of President Trump, and Palestinian protesters clashed with Israeli forces in east Jerusalem and the West Bank, after Trump’s decision to recognize Jeruslem as Israel’s capital.

Today’s Birthdays: Linguist and political philosopher Noam Chomsky is 90. Bluegrass singer Bobby Osborne is 87. Actress Ellen Burstyn is 86. Former Sen. Thad Cochran, R-Miss., is 81. Broadcast journalist Carole Simpson is 78. Baseball Hall of Famer Johnny Bench is 71. Actor-director-producer James Keach is 71. Country singer Gary Morris is 70. Singer-songwriter Tom Waits is 69. Sen. Susan M. Collins, R-Maine, is 66. Actress Priscilla Barnes is 61. Former “Tonight Show” announcer Edd (cq) Hall is 60. Rock musician Tim Butler (The Psychedelic Furs) is 60. Actor Patrick Fabian is 54. Actor Jeffrey Wright is 53. Actor C. Thomas Howell is 52. Actress Kimberly Hebert Gregory (TV: “Kevin (Probably) Saves the World”) is 46. Producer-director Jason Winer is 46. Former NFL player Terrell Owens is 45. Rapper-producer Kon Artis is 44. Pop singer Nicole Appleton (All Saints) is 43. Latin singer Frankie J is 42. Country singer Sunny Sweeney is 42. Actor Chris Chalk is 41. Actress Shiri Appleby is 40. Pop-rock singer/celebrity judge Sara Bareilles (bah-REHL’-es) is 39. Actress Jennifer Carpenter is 39. Actor Jack Huston is 36. Singer Aaron Carter is 31.

(The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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